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Ratios in England

Caring for childrenHow many children can I care for?

In England the number of children a childminder may care for and the indoor space requirements are set out in the Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Stage, Safeguarding and Welfare requirements.

A childminder may care for a maximum of six children under the age of 8. Of these six children, a maximum of three may be young children (a child is a young child until 1st September following their 5th birthday).

If a childminder employs an assistant or works with another childminder, each childminder (or assistant) may care for the number of children permitted by the ratios specified in sections 3.39/3.40 of the EYFS Statutory Framework, subject to any restrictions imposed by Ofsted on registration.

Children may only be left in the sole care of assistants for no more than two hours in a single day. Childminders must obtain parental permission to leave children with an assistant.

If a childminder can demonstrate to parents/carers and Ofsted that the individual needs of children are being met, then exceptions to the usual ratios can be made where childminders are caring for sibling babies, or caring for their own baby. This is to allow continuity of care for families. Exceptions may also apply in the event of short-term and unforeseeable emergencies, as long as care for all children is safeguarded and the one-to-six ratio is not exceeded.

In all cases, when deciding to care for additional children in the early years age group childminders should consider:

  • the length of time they are providing care
  • whether their furniture, indoor space and equipment is sufficient
  • how they will deliver the learning and development requirements of the EYFS to all the children they care for and help them make the best possible progress
  • how they organise their day so that all children get enough of their time
  • whether they have assessed and mitigated any risks in relation to taking on any additional children, for example through considering how they might have to rearrange play spaces to cope with an extra child or manage outings.

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