Additional Learning Needs (ALN) Wales/ Anghenion Dysgu Ychwanegol (ADY) Cymru

Darllenwch hyn yn Gymraeg yma.

The Additional Learning Needs and Education Tribunal (Wales) Act 2018 provides the framework for a new system to support children with additional learning needs in Wales which will be phased in from September 2021. This aims to ensure that all learners with Additional Learning Needs (ALN) are supported to overcome barriers to learning and can achieve their full potential.

Introducing additional learning needs (ALN) 

The terms ‘special educational needs (SEN)’ and ‘learning difficulties and/or disabilities (LDD)’ are being replaced with the new term ‘additional learning needs (ALN)’. The ALN system aims to be fully inclusive for learners in Wales, where needs are identified early and addressed quickly, and where all learners are supported to reach their potential.

Many children are likely to experience some form of difficulty or delay in their learning and development, but may not be considered to have ALN as they can be supported to progress through inclusive practice that recognises and adapts to them.

According to the Additional Learning Needs and Education Tribunal (Wales) Act 2018

a child has ALN if he or she has a learning difficulty or disability which calls for additional learning provision (ALP).

A child of compulsory school age or person over that age has a learning difficulty or disability if he or she;

  • has a significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of others of the same age, or
  • has a disability for the purposes of the Equality Act 2010 which prevents or hinders him or her from making use of facilities for education or training of a kind generally provided for others of the same age in mainstream maintained schools or mainstream institutions in the further education sector.”

For younger children ALN applies if the child is likely to have significantly greater difficulty in learning than the majority of their peers when they reach compulsory school age, or would be likely to if no additional learning provision (ALP) were made.

Welsh Government have produced a short video to introduce Additional Learning Needs in Wales – what’s happening?

The ALN system 

Some of the key features and aims of the ALN system include:

0 – 25 age range

The ALN system has a much broader age range of from birth to 25 years as it replaces two separate systems; the SEN system for schools and early years’ settings, and the LDD system for further education. This single system approach aims for consistency and to support transitions for the individual, and includes younger children before they reach early education age.

A unified plan

A single system with one form of development plan will support consistency and continuity in the approach taken to recognise and identify the support needs of children with ALN across Wales, and across different settings. Individual development plans (IDPs) will replace the various types of statutory and non-statutory plans that are currently in place for children and young people. The IDP will describe the child or young person’s ALN, the additional learning provision (ALP) needed, and other relevant information in order to understand and meet the child’s needs. For children that are not yet attending school the IDP would be maintained by the local authority.

Increased participation

The views of children and young people should always be considered, along with those of their parents/carers. Children and young people should be involved in the planning process, and supported to understand and participate in the decisions which are taken that affect them. They should be provided with appropriate reassurance, and offered opportunities to raise concerns and have their questions answered. Children and young people should see the planning process as something which is done with them, rather than to them.

High aspirations and improved outcomes

The emphasis of IDPs will be on making provision that delivers outcomes which contribute in a meaningful way to the child or young person’s achievement of their full potential.

Increased collaboration

The ALN system encourages improved collaboration and information sharing between agencies. This is essential to ensuring that needs are identified early, and the right support is put in place to enable children and young people to achieve positive outcomes. This could include professionals from health services, social services, and education or childcare.

Welsh language

There is increased recognition of the Welsh language. Consideration should be given to the individual child or young person and whether their additional learning provision is required in Welsh. If so, this must be recorded in their IDP and ‘all reasonable steps’ must be taken to secure the provision in Welsh.

Further aims of the ALN system include;

  • to provide a simpler and less adversarial system
  • to reduce and resolve disagreements earlier
  • and to provide clear and consistent rights of appeal.

What does this mean for me?

The requirement to plan and provide for each child’s individual needs is already clear within the National Minimum Standards for regulated childcare in Wales (NMS). Inclusive practice remains important, this includes seeking to understand each child’s individual needs and support them to reach their potential. The NMS also includes the requirement to observe, record and plan for children’s next steps in their learning and development, and to work in partnership with families sharing information and records on their child’s development. Where you have concerns for a child’s development or feel they may need specialist help this should be shared with parents. The ALN changes in Wales provides an increased focus on the importance of identifying needs early and putting in place timely and effective interventions which are monitored and adapted to ensure that they deliver the desired outcomes.

The ALN system brings new processes around identifying and supporting children with additional learning needs. As this system covers children from birth, it will be the role of the local authority to determine whether young children that are not yet attending school have ALN, and to maintain the IDP until the child attends mainstream school. In preparation for the new system each local authority has appointed an Early Years Additional Learning Needs Lead Officer (EY ALN LO) who will be raising awareness of ALN and local plans in preparation for the ALN system. It will be important to keep an eye out for this information and to ensure that you are aware of any relevant local support, training and processes that are available to you.

Under the NMS it is also important to have a policy in place which follows current legislation and guidelines in respect of additional learning needs or special educational needs and disabilities. This should be kept up to date to ensure that it reflects changes to the legislation, guidance, and local processes that are put in place for ALN.

Timescales for implementation

On 23 March 2021 the Additional Learning Needs Code, which detail the procedures to be followed in relation to the ALN system, and associated regulations were approved by the Senedd. There will be a phased approach to the roll out of the Act from September 2021.

The new system commenced on 1 September 2021 for all children who do not have special educational needs (SEN) on or before that date, regardless of their age, year group, or setting. This means the Additional Learning Needs and Education Act and the Additional Learning Needs Code will apply to any child who is newly though to have, or newly identified as having, additional learning needs (ALN) from 1 September 2021. Further information on what this means has been set out in the additional learning needs transformation programme frequently asked questions.

The statutory role of an Early Years Additional Learning Needs Lead Officer (EY ALN LO) for each local authority commenced from 4 January 2021. As indicated above their role will include raising awareness of ALN, and local plans for the ALN system, along with relevant guidance, training and information.

Further support

We will be updating this resource and adding further links to the resource list below as more information becomes available.

We hope this resource and the links provided have been informative, and that they have helped you to reflect on your practice.  If you would like to discuss any aspect of this topic, or would like additional support or guidance, then please get in touch with PACEY Cymru on 02920 351407 or email


Welsh Government resources include:

Introduction to ALN transformation

Additional learning needs transformation programme: frequently asked questions

E-learning course: An introduction to the new additional learning needs system in Wales

E-learning course: Additional Learning Needs (ALN) principles

Additional Learning Needs resources

PACEY resources include:

An introduction to supporting children with additional learning needs (ALN) - What, in practice, does inclusion mean when supporting children with additional learning needs (ALN)? Explore this CEY smart course in the partnership working theme.

Creating an inclusive setting - a free factsheet for members that covers the individual needs of the child and how you can meet them, allowing children to feel equal, respected and valued in your setting.

Intimate care for disabled children - a free factsheet for members on how to provide intimate care for disabled children.

Equal opportunities – a free factsheet for members which explains your role in promoting equal opportunities and inclusion in Wales.

Equality and diversity – free for members with a focus on ensuring equal opportunities to every child, regardless of their disability and other protected rights.

In addition to the above resources, there are a range of courses available on CEY smart.

Mae Deddf Anghenion Dysgu Ychwanegol a’r Tribiwnlys Addysg 2018 (Cymru) yn darparu fframwaith ar gyfer system newydd i gefnogi plant ag anghenion dysgu ychwanegol yng Nghymru i’w chyflwyno o fis Medi 2021. Nod hyn yw sicrhau bod yr holl ddysgwyr ag Anghenion Dysgu Ychwanegol (ADY) yn cael eu cefnogi i oresgyn rhwystrau i ddysgu ac y gallant gyflawni eu potensial llawn.

Cyflwyniad i Anghenion Dysgu Ychwanegol (ADY) 

Mae’r termau ‘anghenion addysgol arbennig (AAA)’ ac ‘anawsterau a/neu anabledd dysgu (AAD)’ yn cael eu disodli gan y term newydd ‘anghenion dysgu ychwanegol (ADY)’. Nod y system ADY yw bod yn gwbl gynhwysol i ddysgwyr yng Nghymru, lle caiff anghenion eu nodi’n gynnar ac eir i’r afael â nhw’n gyflym, a lle caiff pob dysgwr ei gefnogi i gyrraedd ei botensial.

Mae llawer o blant yn debygol o brofi rhyw ffurf ar anhawster neu oedi yn eu dysgu a’u datblygiad, ond efallai na chânt eu hystyried i gael ADY oherwydd y gellir eu cefnogi i wneud cynnydd drwy ymarfer cynhwysol sy’n eu cydnabod ac yn addasu ar eu cyfer. Yn ôl Deddf Anghenion Dysgu Ychwanegol a’r Tribiwnlys Addysg (Cymru) 2018

mae gan ddysgwr ADY os oes ganddo/ganddi anhawster neu anabledd dysgu sy’n gofyn am ddarpariaeth ddysgu ychwanegol.

Mae gan blentyn oedran ysgol gorfodol neu unigolyn sydd dros yr oedran hwnnw anhawster neu anabledd dysgu;

  • os yw'n cael anhawster sylweddol fwy i ddysgu na mwyafrif y dysgwyr eraill sydd o'r un oedran, neu 
  • os oes ganddo anabledd, yn ystyr Deddf Cydraddoldeb 2010, sy’n ei atal neu’n ei lesteirio rhag defnyddio cyfleusterau addysg neu hyfforddiant a ddarperir yn gyffredinol ar gyfer eraill sydd o’r un oedran mewn ysgolion prif ffrwd a gynhelir neu sefydliadau prif ffrwd yn y sector addysg bellach.”

I blant iau, mae ADY yn berthnasol os yw’r plentyn yn debygol o gael anhawster sylweddol o uwch wrth ddysgu na’r rhan fwyaf o’i gymheiriaid pan fydd yn oedran ysgol gorfodol, neu a fyddai’n debyg o gael hynny heb ddarpariaeth ddysgu ychwanegol (ALP).

Mae Llywodraeth Cymru wedi creu fideo byr i gyflwyno Anghenion Dysgu Ychwanegol yng Nghymru – beth sy’n digwydd?

Y System ADY 

Mae rhai o nodweddion a nodau allweddol y system ADY yn cynnwys:

Ystod oedran 0 – 25

Mae gan y system ADY ystod oedran llawer yn ehangach, o oedran geni nes 25 oed, gan ei bod hi’n disodli dwy system ar wahân; y system AAA i ysgolion a lleoliadau blynyddoedd cynnar, a’r system AAD ar gyfer addysg bellach. Nod yr ymagwedd system unigol yw cysondeb a gallu cefnogi pontio ar gyfer yr unigolyn, ac mae’n cynnwys plant iau cyn iddynt gyrraedd oedran addysg.

Cynllun unedig

Bydd system unigol gydag un math o gynllun datblygu yn hwyluso cysondeb a dilyniant yn yr ymagwedd a gymerir i gydnabod a nodi anghenion cefnogi plant ag ADY ledled Cymru, ac ar draws lleoliadau gwahanol. Bydd cynlluniau datblygu unigol (CDU) yn disodli'r mathau amrywiol o gynlluniau statudol ac anstatudol sydd ar waith ar hyn o bryd i blant a phobl ifanc. Bydd y CDU yn disgrifio ADY plentyn neu oedolyn ifanc, y ddarpariaeth ddysgu ychwanegol (ALP) sy’n angenrheidiol, a gwybodaeth berthnasol arall er mwyn deall a diwallu anghenion y plentyn. I lawer o blant nad ydynt yn mynychu’r ysgol eto, yr awdurdod lleol  a fyddai’n cynnal y CDU.

Cyfranogiad mwy

Dylid bob amser ystyried barn plant a phobl ifanc, ynghyd â barn eu rhieni/gofalwyr. Dylid cynnwys plant a phobl ifanc yn y broses gynllunio, a’u cefnogi i ddeall a chymryd rhan yn y penderfyniadau a wneir sy’n effeithio arnynt. Dylid eu darparu â’r sicrwydd priodol, a chynnig cyfleoedd iddynt godi pryderon a chael atebion i’w cwestiynau. Dylai plant a phobl ifanc ystyried y broses gynllunio fel rhywbeth sy’n cael ei wneud gyda nhw, yn hytrach nag iddyn nhw.

Dyheadau uchel a chanlyniadau gwell

Bydd pwyslais Cynlluniau Datblygu Unigol ar greu darpariaeth sy’n cyflawni canlyniadau, ac sy’n cyfrannu mewn ffordd ystyrlon at blentyn neu berson ifanc yn cyflawni ei botensial llawn.

Mwy o gydweithio

Mae’r system ADY yn annog cydweithio a rhannu gwybodaeth gwell rhwng asiantaethau. Mae hyn yn hanfodol er mwyn sicrhau y caiff anghenion eu nodi’n gynnar, a bod y gefnogaeth gywir ar waith i alluogi plant a phobl ifanc i gyflawni canlyniadau cadarnhaol. Gallai hyn gynnwys gweithwyr proffesiynol o wasanaethau iechyd, y gwasanaethau cymdeithasol, ac addysg neu ofal plant.

Y Gymraeg

Mae mwy o gydnabyddiaeth o’r iaith Gymraeg. Dylid ystyried y plentyn neu’r person ifanc ac ystyried a oes angen darpariaeth yn Gymraeg arno. Os felly, rhaid cofnodi hyn yn eu CDU a rhaid cymryd ‘pob cam rhesymol’ i sicrhau bod darpariaeth yn Gymraeg.

Mae nodau pellach y system ADY yn cynnwys;

  • darparu system symlach sy’n llai gwrthwynebol
  • lleihau a datrys anghytundeb yn gyn
  • a chynnig hawliau i apelio sy’n glir ac yn gyson.

Beth mae hyn yn ei olygu i mi?

Mae’r angen i gynllunio a darparu ar gyfer anghenion unigol pob plentyn eisoes yn glir yn y Safonau Gofynnol Cenedlaethol ar gyfer Gofal Plant Rheoledig yng Nghymru (NMS). Mae ymarfer cynhwysol yn parhau i fod yn bwysig, ac mae hyn yn cynnwys deall anghenion unigol pob plentyn a’i gefnogi i gyrraedd ei botensial. Mae'r NMS hefyd yn cynnwys yr angen i arsylwi, cofnodi a chynllunio ar gyfer camau nesaf plentyn o ran dysgu a datblygu, a gweithio mewn partneriaeth â theuluoedd i rannu gwybodaeth a chofnodion am ddatblygiad eu plant. Pan fydd gennych chi bryderon am ddatblygiad plentyn, neu’n teimlo y gallai fod angen help arbenigol arno o bosib, dylid rhannu hyn â’r rhieni. Mae’r newidiadau ADY yng Nghymru yn darparu ffocws mwy ar bwysigrwydd nodi anghenion yn gynnar a rhoi ymyriadau prydlon ac effeithiol ar waith yn gynnar, gan eu monitro a’u haddasu i sicrhau eu bod yn cyflawni’r canlyniadau a ddymunir.

Mae’r system ADY yn cyflwyno prosesau newydd o ran nodi plant ag anghenion dysgu ychwanegol a’u cefnogi. Gan fod y system hon yn cynnwys plant o’u genedigaeth, rôl yr awdurdod lleol fydd nodi a oes gan blant nad ydynt yn mynychu’r ysgol eto ADY, a chynnal CDU nes y bydd y plentyn yn mynychu ysgol brif ffrwd. Wrth baratoi ar gyfer y system newydd, mae pob awdurdod lleol wedi penodi Swyddog Arwain Anghenion Dysgu Ychwanegol y Blynyddoedd Cynnar (EY ALN LO) a fydd yn codi ymwybyddiaeth am ADY a chynllunio lleol i baratoi am y system ADY.  Bydd yn bwysig cadw llygad am yr wybodaeth hon a sicrhau eich bod chi’n ymwybodol am unrhyw gymorth, hyfforddiant a phrosesu lleol perthnasol sydd ar gael i chi.

O dan y NMS, mae hefyd yn bwysig cael polisi ar waith sy’n dilyn y ddeddfwriaeth a’r canllawiau presennol mewn perthynas ag anghenion dysgu ychwanegol neu anghenion addysgol arbennig ac anableddau. Dylid diweddaru hyn i sicrhau ei fod yn cyfleu newidiadau i’r ddeddfwriaeth, canllawiau a phrosesau lleol sy’n cael eu rhoi ar waith ar gyfer ADY.

Amserlenni rhoi ar waith

Ar 23 Mawrth cymeradwywydd y Côd Anghenion Dysgu Ychwanegol, sy’n rhoi manylion am y gweithdrefnau i’w dilyn mewn perthynas â’r system ADY, a rheoliadau cysylltiedig gan y Senedd. Bydd dull graddol o gyflwyno’r Ddeddf o fis Medi 2021.

Dechreuodd y system newydd ar 1 Medi 2021 ar gyfer pob plentyn sydd heb anghenion dysgu ychwanegol (ADY) ar neu cyn y dyddiad hwnnw, yn ddiofal o’u hoedran, grŵp blwyddyn neu leoliad. Mae hyn yn golygu y bydd y Ddeddf Anghenion Dysgu Ychwanegol ac Addysg a'r Cod Anghenion Dysgu Ychwanegol yn berthnasol i unrhyw blentyn y credir o'r newydd fod ganddo, neu y nodwyd yn ddiweddar fod ganddo, anghenion addysgol arbennig (AAA) o 1 Medi 2021. Mae rhagor o wybodaeth am hyn wedi'i nodi yn y diweddariad yn y rhaglen trawsnewid system anghenion dysgu ychwanegol cwestiynau cyffredin.

Dechreuodd rôl statudol Swyddog Arwain Anghenion Dysgu Ychwanegol y Blynyddoedd Cynnar (EY ALN LO) ar gyfer pob awdurdod lleol ar 4 Ionawr 2021. Fel a nodwyd uchod, bydd eu rôl yn cynnwys codi ymwybyddiaeth o ADY a chynlluniau lleol ar gyfer y system ADY, ynghyd â chanllawiau, hyfforddiant a gwybodaeth berthnasol.

Gwybodaeth bellach

Byddwn yn diweddaru’r adnodd hwn ac yn ychwanegu dolenni pellach i’r rhestr o adnoddau isod wrth i ragor o wybodaeth gael ei chyhoeddi.

Gobeithiwn y bydd yr adnodd hwn a'r cysylltiadau a ddarparwyd wedi bod yn ddefnyddiol, bod wedi'ch helpu chi i adfyfyrio ar eich ymarfer.  Os hoffech drafod unrhyw agwedd ar y pwnc hwn, neu os hoffech gael cymorth neu arweiniad pellach, cysylltwch â PACEY Cymru drwy ffonio 02920 351407 neu e-bostiwch


Mae adnoddau Llywodraeth Cymru yn cynnwys:

Cyflwyniad i weddnewid ADY

Rhaglen gweddnewid anghenion dysgu ychwanegol: cwestiynau cyffredin

Cwrs e-ddysgu: Cyflwyniad i’r system anghenion dysgu ychwanegol newydd yng Nghymru

Cwrs e-ddysgu: Egwyddorion Anghenion Dysgu Ychwanegol (ADY)

Adnoddau Anghenion Dysgu Ychwanegol

Mae adnoddau PACEY yn cynnwys:

Cyflwyniad i gefnogi plant ag anghenion dysgu ychwanegol (ADY) - Beth, yn ymarferol, y mae cynhwysiant yn ei olygu wrth gefnogi plant ag anghenion dysgu ychwanegol (ADY)? Archwiliwch y cwrs CEY smart hyn o fewn y thema gweithio mewn partneriaeth.

Creu lleoliad cynhwysol - ffeithlen am ddim i aelodau sy’n cynnwys anghenion unigol y plentyn a sut y gallwch chi eu diwallu, gan alluogi plant i deimlo eu bod yn cael eu trin yn gyfartal, eu parchu a’u gwerthfawrogi yn eich lleoliad.

Gofal personol i blant anabl - ffeithlen am ddim i aelodau ar sut i ddarparu gofal personol i blant anabl.

Cyfleoedd cyfartal – ffeithlen am ddim i aelodau sy’n esbonio eich rôl chi wrth hyrwyddo cyfleoedd cyfartal a chynhwysiant yng Nghymru.

Cydraddoldeb ac amrywiaeth – am ddim i aelodau gyda ffocws ar sicrhau cyfleoedd cyfartal i bob plentyn, waeth beth fo’u hanabledd a hawliau gwarchodedig eraill.

Yn ogystal â’r adnoddau uchod, mae amrywiaeth o gyrsiau ar gael ar EY smart.