Welsh Language Development / Datblygu'r Gymraeg

Darllenwch hyn yn Gymraeg yma.

Around half a million people in Wales speak Welsh - almost 20% of the population. Most people living in Wales can speak English, making Wales a bilingual nation. 

When we speak about Welsh language development in early years there are many things to consider. First of all the level of Welsh skills from the practitioner or carer's point of view, secondly the access to Welsh language resources available to the setting. Is Welsh introduced to children? If yes, how often? Is the language heard and spoken throughout the day? Is it offered at an early age? Finally how is the language used by the children as a result?

Many practitioners who’ve grown up in Wales will have had some Welsh language taught to them during their schooling, however it's commonly reported that many have not used their skills in their adult life and that they have little confidence in using Welsh as a result.

Happily, learning something yourself when working with children or even with your own family can be a very productive and a progressive method of learning. By learning alongside the children you will be giving them an opportunity to learn a second or sometimes third language; you will be learning Welsh yourself; and will have lots of opportunities to practise with the children you care for, perhaps with fewer of the inhibitions you may have when speaking to another adult. Most importantly you will be learning through activities and informal interaction which is likely to be in a more relaxed and enjoyable manner.

So why is Welsh so important?

We often hear how giving children the opportunity to learn Welsh at an early age provides them with an appetite for learning as adults, and as we know this in turn provides them with an additional tool for their working life. Welsh Government also has a vision of increasing the number of Welsh speakers to a million by 2050, and as part of this work are supporting a number of work programmes to ensure both adults and children have opportunities to learn Welsh and to be offered a truly bilingual community and country.

Some childcare settings may start with circle time where the Welsh language is used for discussions or song time, this is always a good place to start. However, the aim should be for the use of Welsh to become more fluid throughout the provision and introduced at all levels of service, as far as possible.

To enhance your current provision, think about what is working well and why. Do you have a Welsh support officer, member of staff or even a parent that could help with your vision to offer a more bilingual provision? Have you planned any training opportunities for yourself or any staff which you may have to further enhance their skills? Have you thought of visiting Welsh language events or local activities to further develop skills of both practitioners and the children which you care for?

This reflection can be part of your Quality of Care report, which you may find useful to support an action plan of increasing the use of Welsh within the setting which again will show that you are working towards Welsh Government and Care Inspectorate Wales (CIW) Active Offer.

Why not set yourself the challenge of learning new Welsh words?

It's easier than ever to learn Welsh. Whether you want to learn online, attend an evening class or follow an intensive residential course, there’s something for you and we have pulled together information on learning Welsh as an adult that will be helpful to you.

Following requests from members of PACEY we are trialling a series of short videos to support early years and childcare professionals with pronounication of Welsh vocabulary based on agreed topics. 

Teddy Bears Picnic

  • Supporting resource introducing the teddy bears picnic

Gwiriwr

A good place to start to work out your current level of Welsh language skill would be to complete the Gwiriwr toolkit. PACEY Cymru, alongside Cwlwm partners, has been supporting the National Centre for Learning Welsh under their Work Welsh scheme with the development of a tool called Gwiriwr. This is a Welsh Level Checker (Gwiriwr) specifically designed to help the Childcare, Early Years and Playwork workforce to accurately identify their current level of Welsh language skills.

Camau - Welsh Language Learning for the Childcare, Early Years and Playwork Sector

A scheme to help workers in the childcare, early years and playwork sector to learn Welsh and improve their language skills is available.

The Camau scheme, devised by the National Centre for Learning Welsh, will enable practitioners in the sector to use more of the Welsh language with children in order to give them a good start on their journey towards becoming fluent Welsh speakers. This links with the Welsh Government's commitment to create a million Welsh speakers by 2050 and to provide 30 hours a week of free early education and childcare for working parents through the Childcare Offer for Wales.

There is firstly a Welsh Awareness online module.  This is a resource for childcare practitioners that would like to gain an understanding of the benefits of using Welsh. This will take you 20-30 minutes to complete and is good to support you in evidencing to CIW how you understand the requirements around the Welsh language in Wales. Once you have completed the module you will receive an email with your certificate.

What have we heard from practitioners from their experience of learning and supporting children with their Welsh language skills?

In additional to ensuring that children within the setting are encouraged and supported in developing their Welsh language skills, childminder Julie has also taken steps to increase Welsh language opportunities within the wider community. As a result, Julie has established a bilingual weekly musical group for parents, carers and children at the local community hall. Open to members of the community, the provision is regularly attended by between 10 adults with 15 children and offers a fully bilingual service.

Julie says: "Learning Welsh has had a positive impact on my business. I have parents choose me for my Welsh language provision, although the children will attend English medium schools, simply to give their children a better start and in knowing they’ll study Welsh in school whichever one they go to. The best feeling is when children bring back their Welsh Speaker of the Week certificates from school - I know I’ve had a good part to get them to that level."

Providing a bilingual service as a professional

As a childcare professional you can make a real difference to ensure that every child has a chance to become a confident learner.

This work links with the Curriculum Cymreig that the Foundation Phase contributes to where it states that children should appreciate the different languages, images, objects, sounds and tastes that are integral in Wales today and gain a sense of belonging to Wales and understand the Welsh heritage, literature and arts as well as the language. In settings where English is the main medium of communication, children’s Welsh language skills should be progressively developed throughout the Foundation Phase by implementing the Welsh language area of learning.

What's stopping you? Go on give it a go!

Why not start with listening to some stories from Pori drwy stori or listen to Welsh rhymes using CDs from your local library or download them to your digital resources.

Select a few key words a week to learn, write them up and place around the setting as prompts, replace each one as you become familiar with a new word. Visit your local library Welsh rhyme time or carer and toddler sessions known locally as Cylchoedd Ti a Fi or Cymraeg i Blant sessions.

Don’t forget to visit local heritage landmarks and venues in order to provide an opportunity to hear the language and explore new vocabulary. Rhymes and songs can help to reinforce language development. “Singing is also a good way for children to practice the sounds and pronunciation of a new language. Being able to sing as a group provides them with security – it is so much easier to sing in a crowd than individually.”  Welsh Language Development, p34, Welsh Government (2008).

PACEY Cymru offer monthly 30 minute webinars for all members and childminders across Wales to support their Welsh language development. These short webinars will offer you vocabulary to use in your daily routine which are often based on themes which have been agreed in advance. You will also be given links to further resources following the webinar and have access to telephone and email support to help you progress further. The webinars are suitable for those with little or no Welsh language skills as well for those who wish to build on their confidence to use the language. To find out future dates and to book on to the next webinar please see our Webinar for Wales page.

Supporting Children's Welsh Language Development in the Foundation Phase

For some children the Welsh that you introduce could be their first experience of the language. To support their development, think about how you can provide opportunities through play, story, and structured activities, for children to acquire sufficient familiarity with Welsh. There are some links to good practice suggestions, along with resources and ideas to support you contained within this page.

“Hearing and understanding are the first important building blocks towards acquisition of any language. As a first step children should hear Welsh through incidental Welsh and Welsh rhymes, songs, commands, greetings, and simple stories in informal play situations.”

Welsh Language Development, p6, Welsh Government (2008)

There are many activities which can support the development of children’s familiarity with and skills in Welsh, for example incorporating Welsh rhymes and songs into your routines, sharing bilingual books, reading and listening to Welsh stories, sorting and naming activities, and incorporating Welsh within simple games and every day conversation. Creating a bilingual environment can also promote children’s familiarity with Welsh. Consider how you can add Welsh and bilingual books, songs, posters and displays, and incorporate Welsh resources within CD and DVD collections. There are many bilingual signs and displays to notice when out and about.

There is a strong recognition of the benefits of children learning through Welsh through a variety of experiences within the Foundation Phase. The Welsh language can be used indoors as well as outdoors throughout the day.

Settings can also support children in terms of their understanding of Welsh culture which is important in relation to the wellbeing and development of children living in Wales. PACEY Cymru's Welsh culture pack is a resource to help settings extend opportunities to grow children’s knowledge and understanding of their surroundings, to help them explore their identity and let the children gain a sense of belonging to the country they live in.

Ysgol Gynradd Llantrisant Primary School have focused on encouraging staff to use their Welsh skills throughout the day incidentally whatever their level may be, which has resulted positively on the pupils. This is an example of how the smallest of steps of introducing some words daily can offer a child a good base to their learning. It is known that the earlier the child is introduced to a second or third language the better.

“Welsh is obviously becoming far more important these days in the increasingly bilingual Wales. The academic challenge of learning another language I think is important, whatever that language is. Quite naturally Welsh is the obvious one to teach, but I think the skills they learn through learning one language helps them not only in other languages but in English too. I think what it is important not so much the activities we do so much in Welsh, but the amount of Welsh that is spoken incidentally in each and every class, as much as we can say in Welsh is spoken in Welsh. I have to keep in mind that it’s only a minority of the staff that speak it naturally, well as promoting it as much as we can through incidental Welsh and using it wherever we can we try to teach the children songs from the time they start from the age of 3 and right up until the time they leave.”

David Owen – Deputy Head for Ysgol Gynradd Llantrisant Primary School

The Foundation Phase profile aligns with the framework and can be used as a tool to support the assessment of children’s progress in language skills, and planning for their next steps. The Oracy – Expressive language ladder of the Compact Profile notes that "children who are learning English or Welsh as an additional language may develop correct language structure of English or Welsh at a different pace to their first language."

Welsh Government Foundation Phase Framework document (Revised 2015) states that bilingual and Welsh medium settings would embed the Welsh language within their Language, Literacy and Communication Skills area of learning and that the Welsh Language Development area of learning applies to settings where English is the main medium of communication.

“The Welsh Government is committed to developing and promoting the Welsh language. All settings/schools will implement a Welsh language educational programme in the Foundation Phase for children three to seven years.

Those settings and schools that are defined as Welsh-medium providers should follow the educational programme of the Language, Literacy and Communication Skills Area of Learning. They will not need to deliver the Welsh Language Development Area of Learning.

In settings and schools where English is the main medium of communication, children’s Welsh language skills should be progressively developed throughout the Foundation Phase by implementing the Welsh Language Development Area of Learning”

Foundation Phase Framework (Revised 2015) p7

Welsh policy links

We’ve listed below some links to policy in Wales which relate to Welsh language development and delivery. Take time to have a read through and use to reflect on your practice.

Supporting Welsh Language Development

If you're working in Wales, then the chances are that at least some of your childcare provision will be delivered using the Welsh language.

To help you, especially if you're not a Welsh speaker, to incorporate Welsh into your setting, we've listed below some useful links to support your practice and development.  This will also help you to evidence to parents, CIW and Estyn (if you provide funded Foundation Phase sessions) how you are supporting children's Welsh Language Development. 

Resources and blogs

Useful links

  • The S4C 'Cyw' website has a range of resources including online games that can support young children's learning in settings and in the home.
  • The BBC website has a section on Welsh learning for primary school children with interactive games and resources useful for use in settings and the home.  There is also a section on BBC Bitesize to support development of second language Welsh linked to the Foundation Phase.
  • Hwb Learning Wales has a range of resources that can help you to introduce Welsh including activities, online stories and bilingual songs and rhymes to play and sing along to.
  • Cymraeg for kids Cymraeg for kids is a national scheme by the Welsh Government that supports parents to use the Welsh language with their children by choosing Welsh medium childcare and education. The scheme is managed by Mudiad Meithrin and they also have a Facebook page.
  • The Welsh Books Council is a national body, funded by the Welsh Government, which supports production and publication in both Welsh and English.

Further support

We hope this resource and the links provided have been informative, and that they have helped you to reflect on children’s wellbeing in the Foundation Phase. If you would like to discuss any aspect of this topic, or would like additional support or guidance, then please get in touch with PACEY Cymru on 02920 351407 or email paceycymru@pacey.org.uk.

 

Mae tua hanner miliwn o bobl yng Nghymru yn siarad Cymraeg - bron i 20% o'r boblogaeth. Gall y mwyafrif o bobl sy'n byw yng Nghymru siarad Saesneg, gan wneud Cymru yn genedl ddwyieithog. 

Pan fyddwn yn siarad am ddatblygiad Cymraeg yn y blynyddoedd cynnar mae yna lawer o bethau i'w hystyried. Yn gyntaf oll lefel y sgiliau Cymraeg o safbwynt yr ymarferydd neu'r gofalwr, yn ail y mynediad at adnoddau Cymraeg sydd ar gael i'r lleoliad. A yw'r Gymraeg yn cael ei chyflwyno i blant? Os ydy, pa mor aml? Ydy'r iaith yn cael ei chlywed a'i siarad trwy gydol y dydd? A yw'n cael ei gynnig i blant ifanc? Yn olaf, sut mae'r iaith yn cael ei defnyddio gan y plant o ganlyniad?

Bydd llawer o ymarferwyr sydd wedi cael eu magu yng Nghymru wedi cael rhywfaint o Gymraeg yn cael eu dysgu iddynt yn ystod eu haddysg, ond adroddir yn gyffredin nad yw llawer wedi defnyddio eu sgiliau yn eu bywyd fel oedolyn ac nad oes ganddynt lawer o hyder i ddefnyddio'r Gymraeg o ganlyniad.

Yn ffodus, gall dysgu rhywbeth eich hun wrth weithio gyda phlant neu hyd yn oed gyda'ch teulu eich hun fod yn ddull cynhyrchiol a blaengar iawn o ddysgu. Trwy ddysgu ochr yn ochr â'r plant byddwch yn rhoi cyfle iddynt ddysgu ail iaith neu drydedd iaith weithiau; byddwch chi'n dysgu Cymraeg eich hun; a bydd gennych lawer o gyfleoedd i ymarfer gyda'r plant rydych chi'n gofalu amdanynt, efallai gyda llai o'r gwaharddiadau a allai fod gennych wrth siarad ag oedolyn arall. Yn bwysicaf oll, byddwch chi'n dysgu trwy weithgareddau a rhyngweithio anffurfiol sy'n debygol o fod mewn dull mwy hamddenol a difyr.

Felly pam mae'r Gymraeg mor bwysig?

Rydym yn aml yn clywed sut mae rhoi cyfle i blant ddysgu Cymraeg yn ifanc yn rhoi awydd iddynt ddysgu fel oedolion, ac fel y gwyddom, mae hyn yn ei dro yn rhoi teclyn ychwanegol iddynt ar gyfer eu bywyd gwaith. Mae gan Lywodraeth Cymru weledigaeth hefyd o gynyddu nifer y siaradwyr Cymraeg i filiwn erbyn 2050, ac fel rhan o'r gwaith hwn maent yn cefnogi nifer o raglenni gwaith i sicrhau bod oedolion a phlant yn cael cyfleoedd i ddysgu Cymraeg a chael cynnig cymuned a gwlad sy’n wirioneddol ddwyieithog.

Mae’n bosib y bydd rhai lleoliadau gofal plant yn dechrau gydag amser cylch lle mae'r Gymraeg yn cael ei defnyddio ar gyfer trafodaethau neu amser caneuon, mae hwn bob amser yn lle da i ddechrau. Fodd bynnag, dylai'r nod fod i'r defnydd o'r Gymraeg ddod yn fwy hylifol trwy gydol y ddarpariaeth a'i chyflwyno ar bob lefel o wasanaeth, cyn belled ag y bo modd.

Er mwyn gwella'ch darpariaeth bresennol, meddyliwch am yr hyn sy'n gweithio'n dda a pham. Oes gennych chi swyddog cymorth o Gymru, aelod o staff neu hyd yn oed riant a allai helpu gyda'ch gweledigaeth i gynnig darpariaeth fwy dwyieithog? A ydych chi wedi cynllunio unrhyw gyfleoedd hyfforddi i chi'ch hun neu unrhyw staff y gallai fod yn rhaid i chi wella eu sgiliau ymhellach? Ydych chi wedi meddwl am ymweld â digwyddiadau Cymraeg neu weithgareddau lleol i ddatblygu sgiliau ymarferwyr a'r plant rydych chi'n gofalu amdanynt ymhellach?

Gall yr adlewyrchiad hwn fod yn rhan o'ch adroddiad Ansawdd Gofal, a allai fod yn ddefnyddiol i chi i gefnogi cynllun gweithredu i gynyddu'r defnydd o'r Gymraeg yn y lleoliad a fydd eto'n dangos eich bod yn gweithio tuag at Gynnig Gweithredol Llywodraeth Cymru ac Arolygiaeth Gofal Cymru (AGC).

Beth am osod yr her i chi'ch hun o ddysgu geiriau newydd Cymraeg?  

Mae'n haws nag erioed dysgu Cymraeg. P'un a ydych chi eisiau dysgu ar-lein, mynychu dosbarth nos neu ddilyn cwrs preswyl dwys, mae rhywbeth i chi ac rydyn ni wedi casglu gwybodaeth am ddysgu Cymraeg fel oedolyn a fydd o gymorth i chi.

Lle da i ddechrau nodi eich lefel presennol o sgil Cymraeg fyddai cwblhau'r pecyn cymorth Gwiriwr. Mae PACEY Cymru, ynghyd â phartneriaid Cwlwm, wedi bod yn cefnogi'r Ganolfan Genedlaethol ar gyfer Dysgu Cymraeg o dan eu cynllun Cymraeg Gwaith gyda datblygiad offeryn o'r enw Gwiriwr. Gwiriwr Lefel Cymraeg (Gwiriwr) yw hwn sydd wedi'i gynllunio'n benodol i helpu'r gweithlu Gofal Plant, Blynyddoedd Cynnar a Gwaith Chwarae i nodi eu lefel presennol o sgiliau iaith Cymraeg yn gywir.

Camau - Dysgu Cymraeg ar gyfer y Sector Gofal Plant, Blynyddoedd Cynnar a Gwaith Chwarae

Mae cynllun ar gael i helpu gweithwyr yn y sector gofal plant, blynyddoedd cynnar a gwaith chwarae i ddysgu Cymraeg a gwella eu sgiliau iaith ar gael.

Bydd cynllun Camau, a ddyfeisiwyd gan y Ganolfan Genedlaethol ar gyfer Dysgu Cymraeg, yn galluogi ymarferwyr yn y sector i ddefnyddio mwy o'r Gymraeg gyda phlant er mwyn rhoi cychwyn da iddynt ar eu taith tuag at ddod yn siaradwyr Cymraeg rhugl. Mae hyn yn cysylltu ag ymrwymiad Llywodraeth Cymru i greu miliwn o siaradwyr Cymraeg erbyn 2050 ac i ddarparu 30 awr yr wythnos o addysg gynnar a gofal plant am ddim i rieni sy'n gweithio trwy'r Cynnig Gofal Plant i Gymru.

Yn gyntaf mae modiwl ar-lein Ymwybyddiaeth Gymraeg. Adnodd ar gyfer ymarferwyr gofal plant a hoffai ddod i ddeall buddion defnyddio'r Gymraeg yw hwn. Bydd hyn yn cymryd 20-30 munud i chi ei gwblhau ac mae'n dda eich cefnogi chi i ddangos i AGC sut rydych chi'n deall y gofynion o amgylch y Gymraeg yng Nghymru. Ar ôl i chi gwblhau'r modiwl byddwch yn derbyn e-bost gyda'ch tystysgrif.

Beth ydym wedi'i glywed gan ymarferwyr o'u profiad o ddysgu a chefnogi plant â'u sgiliau Cymraeg?

Yn ogystal â sicrhau bod plant yn y lleoliad yn cael eu hannog a'u cefnogi i ddatblygu eu sgiliau Cymraeg, mae'r gwarchodwr plant Julie hefyd wedi cymryd camau i gynyddu cyfleoedd Cymraeg yn y gymuned ehangach. O ganlyniad, mae Julie wedi sefydlu grŵp cerddorol wythnosol dwyieithog ar gyfer rhieni, gofalwyr a phlant yn y neuadd gymunedol leol. Yn agored i aelodau'r gymuned, mae rhwng 10 oedolyn â 15 o blant yn mynychu'r ddarpariaeth yn rheolaidd ac mae'n cynnig gwasanaeth cwbl ddwyieithog.

Dywed Julie: “Mae dysgu Cymraeg wedi cael effaith gadarnhaol ar fy musnes. Mae gen i rieni a wnaeth fy newis oherwydd fy ngwasanaeth drwy’r Gymraeg, er y bydd y plant yn mynychu ysgolion cyfrwng Saesneg, yn syml i roi gwell cychwyn i'w plant ac wrth wybod y byddant yn astudio’r Gymraeg yn yr ysgol, p'un bynnag y maen nhw'n mynd iddo. Y teimlad orau yw, pan fydd plant yn dod â'u tystysgrif Siaradwr Cymraeg yr wythnos o'r ysgol, yna, rwy'n gwybod fy mod wedi cyfrannu’n dda i'w cael i'r lefel honno "

Darparu gwasanaeth dwyieithog fel gweithiwr proffesiynol

Fel gweithiwr proffesiynol gwarchod plant, gallwch wneud gwahaniaeth go iawn i sicrhau bod pob plentyn yn cael cyfle i ddod yn ddysgwr hyderus.

Mae'r gwaith hwn yn cysylltu â'r Cwricwlwm Cymreig y mae'r Cyfnod Sylfaen yn cyfrannu ato, lle mae'n nodi y dylai plant werthfawrogi'r gwahanol ieithoedd, delweddau, gwrthrychau, synau a chwaeth sy'n rhan annatod o Gymru heddiw ac yn cael ymdeimlad o berthyn i Gymru ac i ddeall treftadaeth , llenyddiaeth a'r celfyddydau Cymraeg, yn ogystal â'r iaith. Mewn lleoliadau lle'r Saesneg yw’r prif gyfrwng cyfathrebu, dylid datblygu sgiliau iaith Gymraeg plant yn raddol trwy gydol y Cyfnod Sylfaen gan weithredu'r maes dysgu Cymraeg.

Beth sy'n eich rhwystro chi? Rhowch gynnig arni!

Beth am ddechrau gyda gwrando ar rai straeon o Pori drwy stori neu wrando ar rigymau Cymru gan ddefnyddio disgiau cryno o'ch llyfrgell leol neu eu lawrlwytho i'ch adnoddau digidol.

Dewiswch ychydig o eiriau allweddol yr wythnos i'w dysgu, eu hysgrifennu a'u gosod o amgylch y lleoliad fel ysgogiadau, disodli pob un wrth i chi ddod yn gyfarwydd â gair newydd. Ewch i amser odli Cymraeg neu sesiynau gofalwyr a phlant bach eich llyfrgell leol a elwir yn lleol fel sesiynau Cylchoedd Ti a Fi neu sesiynau Cymraeg i Blant.

Peidiwch ag anghofio ymweld â thirnodau a lleoliadau treftadaeth leol er mwyn rhoi cyfle i glywed yr iaith ac archwilio geirfa newydd. Gall rhigymau a chaneuon helpu i atgyfnerthu datblygiad iaith. “Mae canu hefyd yn ffordd dda i blant ymarfer synau ac ynganiad iaith newydd. Mae gallu canu fel grŵp yn rhoi diogelwch iddyn nhw - mae'n gymaint haws canu mewn torf nag yn unigol.” Datblygiad yr Iaith Gymraeg, t34, Llywodraeth Cymru (2008).

Mae PACEY Cymru yn cynnig gweminarau misol 30 munud ar gyfer yr holl aelodau a gwarchodwyr plant ledled Cymru i gefnogi eu datblygiad Cymraeg. Bydd y gweminarau byr hyn yn cynnig geirfa i chi ei defnyddio yn eich trefn ddyddiol sydd yn aml yn seiliedig ar themâu y cytunwyd arnynt ymlaen llaw. Byddwch hefyd yn cael dolenni i adnoddau pellach yn dilyn y weminar ac yn gallu cyrchu cymorth ffôn ac e-bost i'ch helpu i symud ymlaen ymhellach. Mae'r gweminarau yn addas ar gyfer y rhai sydd ag ychydig neu ddim sgiliau Cymraeg hefyd ar gyfer y rhai sy'n dymuno datblygu eu hyder i ddefnyddio'r iaith. I ddarganfod dyddiadau'r dyfodol ac i archebu lle ar y weminar nesaf gweler ein tudalen Gweminar i Gymru.

Cefnogi Datblygiad Iaith Cymraeg Plant yn y Cyfnod Sylfaen

Gallai'r Gymraeg rydych yn ei chyflwyno fod yn brofiad cyntaf o'r iaith i rai plant. Er mwyn cefnogi eu datblygiad, ystyriwch sut y gallwch chi ddarparu cyfleoedd trwy chwarae, stori a gweithgareddau strwythuredig, i blant ddod yn ddigon cyfarwydd â'r Gymraeg. Mae yna rai cysylltiadau i gael awgrymiadau arfer da ar y dudalen hon, ynghyd ag adnoddau a syniadau i'ch cefnogi chi.

“Clyw a dealltwriaeth yw'r blociau adeiladu pwysig cyntaf tuag at gaffael unrhyw iaith. Fel cam cyntaf dylai plant glywed Cymraeg trwy Gymraeg atodol a rhigymau, caneuon, gorchmynion, cyfarchion a straeon syml Cymraeg mewn sefyllfaoedd chwarae anffurfiol. ”

Datblygiad yr Iaith Gymraeg, t6, Llywodraeth Cymru (2008).

Mae yna lawer o weithgareddau sy'n gallu cefnogi datblygiad cynefindra plant â sgiliau Cymraeg, er enghraifft, cynnwys rhigymau a chaneuon Cymraeg yn eich arferion, rhannu llyfrau dwyieithog, darllen a gwrando ar straeon, trefnu ac enwi gweithgareddau, ac ymgorffori’r Gymraeg o fewn gemau a sgyrsiau syml bob dydd. Gall creu amgylchedd dwyieithog hefyd hyrwyddo cynefindra plant â'r Gymraeg. Ystyriwch sut y gallwch chi ychwanegu llyfrau, caneuon, posteri ac arddangosiadau Cymraeg a dwyieithog, ac ymgorffori adnoddau Cymraeg o fewn casgliadau CD a DVD. Mae yna lawer o arwyddion ac arddangosiadau dwyieithog i sylwi arnynt pan fyddwch allan.

Mae'r manteision y mae plant sy'n dysgu trwy'r Gymraeg yn derbyn cydnabyddiaeth gref trwy amrywiaeth o brofiadau o fewn y Cyfnod Sylfaen. Gellir defnyddio'r iaith Gymraeg y tu fewn yn ogystal ag yn yr awyr agored a chynifer gwaith ag sydd angen trwy gydol y dydd.

Gall lleoliadau hefyd gefnogi plant o ran eu dealltwriaeth o ddiwylliant Cymru sy'n bwysig mewn perthynas â lles a datblygiad plant sy'n byw yng Nghymru. Mae Pecyn gwybodaeth diwylliant Cymru yn adnodd i helpu lleoliadau i ymestyn cyfleoedd i dyfu gwybodaeth a dealltwriaeth plant o'u hamgylchedd, i'w helpu i archwilio eu hunaniaeth a gadael i'r plant ennill ymdeimlad o berthyn i'r wlad y maent yn byw ynddi.

Mae Ysgol Gynradd Llantrisant Primary School wedi canolbwyntio ar annog staff i ddefnyddio eu sgiliau Cymraeg trwy gydol y dydd wrth fynd heibio, beth bynnag fo'u lefel, sydd wedi cael argraff gadarnhaol ar ddisgyblion. Dyma enghraifft o sut y gall y camau bach o gyflwyno rhai geiriau bob dydd gynnig sylfaen dda o ran dysg y plentyn. Mae'n hysbys mai gorau po gyntaf y cyflwynir plentyn i ail neu drydedd iaith yn well.

"Mae'n amlwg bod y Gymraeg yn dod yn llawer pwysicach y dyddiau hyn mewn Cymru gynyddol ddwyieithog Yr her academaidd o ddysgu iaith arall sy'n bwysig, yn fy marn i, beth bynnag fo'r iaith honno. Yn naturiol, y Gymraeg yw'r un mwyaf amlwg i'w ddysgu, ond credaf fod y sgiliau y maent yn eu dysgu trwy ddysgu un iaith yn eu helpu, nid yn unig mewn ieithoedd eraill, ond yn y Saesneg hefyd. Yn fy marn i, nid yn unig y mae'r gweithgareddau a wnawn yn y Gymraeg yn bwysig, ond mae'r Gymraeg sy'n cael ei siarad yn bersonol ym mhob dosbarth, bod cymaint ag y gallwn ei ddweud yn Gymraeg yn cael ei ddweud yn Gymraeg. Mae'n rhaid i mi gadw mewn cof mai dim ond lleiafrif o'r staff sy'n ei siarad yn naturiol, yn ogystal â'i hyrwyddo gymaint ag y gallwn drwy gyfrwng y Gymraeg wrth fynd heibio a'i defnyddio lle bynnag y gallwn. Rydym ni’n ceisio dysgu caneuon i’r plant o'r adeg y maent yn dechrau yn 3 mlwydd oed hyd nes y byddant yn gadael. "

David Owen – Dirprwy Bennaeth Ysgol Gynradd Llantrisant

Mae Proffil y Cyfnod Sylfaen yn cyd-fynd â'r fframwaith a gellir ei ddefnyddio fel arf i gefnogi’r broses o asesu cynnydd plant o ran sgiliau iaith, a chynllunio ar gyfer eu camau nesaf. Y Llafaredd - Ffrâm iaith fynegiannol o’r Proffil Cryno sy’n nodi y gall "plant sy'n dysgu Saesneg neu Gymraeg fel iaith ychwanegol ddatblygu strwythur iaith Gymraeg neu Saesneg cywir ar gyflymder gwahanol i'w hiaith gyntaf."

Mae dogfen Fframwaith y Cyfnod Sylfaen (Diwygiedig 2015) gan Lywodraeth Cymru yn nodi  y byddai lleoliadau dwyieithog a chyfrwng Cymraeg yn ymgorffori'r iaith Gymraeg o fewn eu maes dysgu Iaith, Llythrennedd a Sgiliau Cyfathrebu a bod maes dysgu'r Gymraeg yn berthnasol i leoliadau lle'r Saesneg yw prif gyfrwng y cyfathrebu.

“Mae Llywodraeth Cymru wedi ymrwymo i ddatblygu a hyrwyddo’r Gymraeg. Bydd pob lleoliad/ysgol yn gweithredu rhaglen addysgol Gymraeg yn y Cyfnod Sylfaen ar gyfer plant tair i saith oed.

Dylai'r lleoliadau a'r ysgolion hynny a ddiffinnir fel darparwyr cyfrwng Cymru ddilyn rhaglen addysgol y Maes Dysgu Sgiliau Iaith, Llythrennedd a Chyfathrebu. Ni fydd angen iddynt ddarparu Maes Dysgu Datblygu Iaith Cymraeg.

Mewn lleoliadau ac ysgolion lle'r Saesneg yw’r prif gyfrwng cyfathrebu, dylid datblygu sgiliau iaith Gymraeg plant yn raddol trwy gydol y Cyfnod Sylfaen gan weithredu'r Maes Dysgu Cymraeg."

Fframwaith Cyfnod Sylfaen (Diwygiedig 2015) t7

Dolenni polisïau Cymru

Rydym wedi rhestru isod rai dolenni i bolisi yng Nghymru sy'n ymwneud â datblygu a darparu Cymraeg. Cymerwch amser i ddarllen drwyddo a'i ddefnyddio i fyfyrio ar eich ymarfer.

Cefnogi Datblygiad y Gymraeg

Os ydych chi'n gweithio yng Nghymru, mae’n debygol y bydd o leiaf rhywfaint o'ch darpariaeth gofal plant yn cael ei darparu gan ddefnyddio'r Gymraeg.

Er mwyn eich helpu chi, yn enwedig os nad ydych chi'n siaradwr Cymraeg, i ymgorffori'r Gymraeg yn eich lleoliad, rydyn ni wedi rhestru isod rai dolenni defnyddiol i gefnogi'ch ymarfer a'ch datblygiad.  Bydd hyn hefyd yn eich helpu i ddangos i rieni, AGC ac Estyn (os ydych chi'n darparu sesiynau Cyfnod Sylfaen sydd wedi'u hariannu) sut rydych chi'n cefnogi Datblygiad Iaith Cymraeg plant. 

Adnoddau a blogiau

Dolenni defnyddiol

  • Mae gan wefan 'Cyw' S4C ystod o adnoddau gan gynnwys gemau ar-lein a all gefnogi dysgu plant ifanc mewn lleoliadau ac yn y cartref.
  • Mae gan wefan BBC adran ar ddysgu Cymraeg ar gyfer plant ysgolion cynradd gyda gemau ac adnoddau rhyngweithiol sy'n ddefnyddiol i'w defnyddio mewn lleoliadau a'r cartref.  Mae yna hefyd adran ar BBC Bitesize i gefnogi datblygiad Cymraeg ail iaith sy'n gysylltiedig â'r Cyfnod Sylfaen.
  • Mae gan Hwb Dysgu Cymru ystod o adnoddau a all eich helpu i gyflwyno Cymraeg gan gynnwys gweithgareddau, straeon ar-lein a chaneuon a rhigymau dwyieithog i chwarae a chanu gyda nhw.
  • Cymraeg i blant Mae Cymraeg i blant yn gynllun cenedlaethol gan Lywodraeth Cymru sy'n cefnogi rhieni i ddefnyddio'r Gymraeg gyda'u plant trwy ddewis gofal plant ac addysg Gymraeg. Rheolir y cynllun gan Mudiad Meithrin ac mae ganddyn nhw dudalen Facebook hefyd.
  • Mae Cyngor Llyfrau Cymru yn gorff cenedlaethol, a ariennir gan Lywodraeth Cymru, sy'n cefnogi cynhyrchu a chyhoeddi yn Gymraeg a Saesneg.

Gwybodaeth bellach

Gobeithiwn y bydd yr adnodd hwn a'r cysylltiadau a ddarparwyd wedi bod yn addysgiadol, a'u bod wedi'ch helpu chi i fyfyrio ar les plant yn y Cyfnod Sylfaen. Os hoffech drafod unrhyw agwedd ar y pwnc hwn, neu os hoffech gael cymorth neu arweiniad pellach, cysylltwch â PACEY Cymru ar 02920 351407 neu drwy e-bost paceycymru@pacey.org.uk